Just like your body and skin, your eyes and vision also change with your growing age. When you are young, the lenses of your eyes are flexible. This helps your eyes to focus on close as well as far objects. However, as you grow older, your lenses become less flexible which affects your ability to see nearer objects.
You will find a noticeable difference in your ability to read small prints. Perhaps you will need glasses or a brighter source of light at your reading desk. While these are noticeable changes that are developed over time, as you age, there are some changes that are either not noticed or just ignored.
When you grow older, you are at higher risk of developing complications like cataract, glaucoma and retina problems. Some of these eye diseases have no warning signs, so a prior examination in an early stage can avoid any further complications in your eyes such as loss of vision. In order to prevent vision loss or to detect eye complications, you are advised to have a comprehensive eye examination every two years or frequently after you reach the age of sixty years.
Here are the top 4 most common age-related eye problems for those of us over the age of 60 years:
Cataract can occur at any age but it is generally seen in people over the ages 60. It is a painless condition seen as clouding of the lens in eye. It causes blurred or cloudy vision, double vision with one eye, problem in distinguishing yellow/green colors, and sensitivity to glare. Cataracts can be removed by performing a surgery.
Glaucoma is a condition that develops due to high pressure of fluid inside eye. If left untreated, it can cause irreversible vision loss. It is a painless condition that has no early signs. It is therefore important to see your ophthalmologist and have proper check-up regularly as you grow old. It can be treated with eye drops, oral medication and surgery.
Age-related macular degeneration occurs due to retinal disorders. The retina is a thin lining located on the backside of your eye. The cells of the retina collect images and transfer visual signals to the brain through the optic nerve. Early diagnosis of this disease is important in restoring a patient’s vision.
Floaters are tiny spots that appear in the field of vision. These can be annoying at times and noticed in daylight or well-lit rooms. These do not affect normal vision but sometimes lead to complications like retinal detachment that is seen in the form of flashes. These spots if noticed should be reported to the doctor as soon as possible.
Eye problems during old age have the potential to disrupt your everyday routine and greatly affect your quality of life. However, with a little awareness and positive attitude, these can be prevented or managed successfully with early diagnosis and prompt treatment.
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