Different Types of Medication for Diabetes

Fluctuating and very high blood sugar levels can cause a number of health problems for those with diabetes so it’s important for diabetics to take medication that helps to regulate blood sugar. Certain types of medications can help to lower blood sugar levels after a meal and also ensure that the body absorbs nutrients properly. Medications for diabetes are just part of a diabetes management plan. Diabetic patients also need to maintain a consistent exercise regimen and make sure they are eating a balanced, low-carb diet to keep sugar levels under control.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and want to learn more about different medications available, get in touch with a family physician in your area. Your physician may refer you to a specialist or conduct a comprehensive exam to determine what type of diabetes you have, and what medications will be most appropriate for you.

Effects of Medication for Diabetes

Different types of medications for diabetes have different effects on the body and are designed to do different things. Some of the most commonly prescribed diabetes medications are able to do the following:

  • Helps the body’s cells use insulin more efficiently
  • Regulates the pancreas to control blood sugar levels
  • Reduces rise of glucose in the blood after a meal by slowing down the digestion of carbohydrates
  • Helps the pancreas make more insulin consistently

In order to make sure the diabetes medication works properly, the patient needs to eat certain foods and meals at certain times of the day, and also keep some snacks on hand to prevent extremely low blood sugar levels. Medication for diabetes also has to be taken on a schedule and it’s very important that the patient does not miss or change a dose.

Blood glucose levels can get too high when a diabetic patient eats more than usual, is not taking the recommended dose of diabetes medicine or when they exercise when blood glucose levels are already high.

Types of Diabetes Medication

Diabetes medication can be administered through injections, an insulin pump, or with an insulin jet injector. Certain types of medication are also available in the form of pills that are taken orally. Some patients are required to take a combination of pills and insulin.

The most common types of diabetes medication include:

  • Glyset and Precose
  • Glucophage, Glucophage XR and Riomet
  • Starlix
  • Januvia
  • Prandin
  • Amaryl, DiaBeta, Diabinese, Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL, Glynase PresTab, Micronase, tolazamide and tolbutamide
  • Actos and Avandia
  • Actoplus Met, Avandamet, Avandaryl, Duetact, Glucovance, Janumet and Metaglip
  • Symlin
  • Byetta

It’s important to remember that certain types of diabetes medication can cause a drop in blood sugar and cause hypoglycemia. When blood sugar levels get too low, the patient may experience hunger, dizziness, nervousness, have sweaty palms or feel very sleepy. Monitoring blood sugar levels closely when starting on a new type of diabetes medication is very important, and your doctor can recommend a dosage plan and schedule for checking blood sugar levels throughout the day.

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes and want to learn more about different types of diabetes medications available, make an appointment with a physician in your area.