Common Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis
When bones become brittle and weak, they can be vulnerable to severe damage and fractures and do not heal quickly. “Porous bones”, or osteoporosis, occurs when bones are deficient in minerals and calcium. Many women who are aging develop osteoporosis at some point in their lives, but this condition can also affect men. The Mayo Clinic points out that it is never too late to do something about osteoporosis because bones can stay strong and healthy with the right diet, exercise regimen and other lifestyle habits. If you notice some of the common signs and symptoms of osteoporosis, it may be possible to prevent further damage of the bones.
Talk to your physician if you think you have osteoporosis and are experiencing common symptoms of the condition.
Signs and Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Most people don’t experience any type of pain in the early stages of bone loss, but their posture can change as bones become weaker and they may find that certain muscle groups have to work harder. Many people confuse the symptoms of osteoporosis with arthritis because they experience some swelling and pain around the joints.
Some of the common signs and symptoms of osteoporosis include:
- Severe back pain
- Stopped posture
- Fractures of the wrist, hop and vertebra nd other bones
- Loss of height
- Collapsed vertebrae
- Spinal compression fractures
- Minor pain when bending, lifting and jumping
- Decreased range of motion
A lack of vitamin D, estrogen, testosterone, and the parathyroid hormone all play a role in the development of osteoporosis. Many women who stop producing estrogen notice a rapid decline in bone density after menopause, and this can be corrected with hormone therapy and dietary changes.
Bone Density Testing for Osteoporosis
The National Osteoporosis Foundation recommends a bone density test for certain individuals, regardless of whether they are experiencing any of the common signs and symptoms of the condition. If you fall under any of the following categories, schedule a bone density test at your local hospital or clinic so that you can find out if you are at risk for extensive bone loss:
- Women older than 65 years of age and men older than 70 years of age
- Are taking medications including aromatase inhibitors, anti-seizure drugs and prednisone
- Postmenopausal women with at least one risk factor for osteoporosis and those who have stopped hormone therapy recently
- Women who have experienced early menopause
- Men between the age of 50 and 70 who have at least one osteoporosis risk factor
- Men and women who are older than 50 years of age and have a history of a broken bone
Osteoporosis is preventable and can be treated with medications, hormone therapy and physical therapy programs. If you think you may have osteoporosis or wish to set up a bone density test, get in touch with a physician in your area. Your physician can review your medical history and learn more about your lifestyle to determine whether you are a good candidate for an osteoporosis treatment plan.